Varieties best suited to Scotland

A very fast establishing catch crop which is ideal for Scotland. Seed pods are a useful food source in year one.



Caledonian-KaleKALE (BRASSICA)
Kale gives a good winter hardy canopy which is loved by pheasants. Sow between April and early July. Requires a good fertile free draining site.



Provides a good food source. It is hardy and easy to grow providing open cover so good for small bird access. Inexpensive and easy to establish between late March and mid May.


Known mainly as a green manure crop. It is very rapid to establish and is fairly pest and disease resistant. Due to its rapid establishment it is quite often used as a quick fix if an earlier sown crop has failed.



Best sown end of April to early June and requires warm, fertile, compact seedbed. Can be slow to establish. Excellent food source for wild birds and game birds in year one.


Hobson-rapeRAPE (BRASSICA)

Very fast establishment – often within 7 to 8 weeks.




Quick to establish and take 12-16 weeks to reach maturity.  Can be sown late (ideally July).  Their rapid establishment and growth renders them less vulnerable to grazing pests and will tolerate less fertile soil than kale.


Red-Clover_smallRED CLOVER (LEGUME)
A tap rooted plant which grows to 0.75 metres and will last up to four years. The tap root provides wonderful soil conditioning when the crop is eventually ploughed in.


Quick and robust to establish. Triticale has good pest and disease resistance.



yellow-blossom-sweet-cloverYELLOW BLOSSOM SWEET CLOVER (LEGUME)

A biennial (2year crop) which grows a rosette in year one and grows to 2 metres when it flowers in year two. It produces small seeds which benefits both song birds and game birds and is very complimentary when grown with kale.


It is often said that is it easier to grow 20 acres of game crop than 2 acres.  The problem with small areas of game cover is that grazing pests can have a profound effect in a very short space of time.  Diligence is required especially in the early stages of growth.  Deployment of bangers, kites etc is essential in many areas for components like kale to survive through the vulnerable growth stages.  They can all too easily be wiped out.

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