Green Manure Straights

A range of green manures that can be sown out as straights or mixed together to combine desirable characteristics. Depending on the crop sown potential benefits include nitrogen fixation, preventing nitrogen leaching and improvements to soil structure. Care has to be take to select an appropriate green manure to suit the given situation with key criteria being time in the ground, sowing time, crop rotation, nitrogen fixer or holder and whether soil improvement is the primary goal.

All Green Manure Straights Varieties

White Mustard

A fast growing short lived brassica. Ideal for establishing on sites where first sowing has failed.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
3
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Brown Mustard

Grown for its biofumigant properties to aid in the reduction of soil borne pests
Duration
2-3 years
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
5
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Fodder Radish

A very fast establishing catch crop which is ideal for Scotland. Seed pods are a useful food source in year one.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
3
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Tillage Radish

The elongated bulbs at the base of the plant are of prime importance as they penetrate deep into the soil to help open up heavy soils which may be prone to compaction.
Duration
2-3 years
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
3
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Phacelia

A very fast growing plant that offers good ground cover and good N holding abilities. Attractive flowers are often covered with bees and other insects.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
4
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Buckwheat

A fast growing and vigorous plant. Very good, rapid ground cover and flowers quickly.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
20
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Sunflower

Provides a good source of oil rich seeds for winter birds.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
12
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Borage

Blue star shaped attractive flowers provide a valuable nectar source for bees.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
10
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Linseed

A fast growing oilseed bearing crop with attractive flowers. A good source of winter feed for birds.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
20
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White Millet

A good source of winter feed for game cover and wild birds although difficult to successfully establish in northern UK.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
10
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Red Millet

Will provide a feed source and cover.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
10
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Reed Canary Grass

A tall perennial grass that is winter hardy and ideal for providing long term cover for game birds.
Duration
4-5 years
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
2.5
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Vetch

This legume is a valuable component of many green manure mixtures but can also be sown as a monoculture.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
up to 35
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Crimson Clover

A rapidly establishing annual clover. Ideal for soil improvement and cover
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
up to 6
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Persian Clover

It is an extremely fast growing legume that is sown primarily as a green manure but has also been used for haylage and grazing.
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
up to 6
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Berseem Clover

Fast growing annual that will provide a large biomass and nitrogen fixation
Duration
1 year
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
up to 6
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Red Clover

A high protein, fast growing legume. Red clover is one of the more popular and reliable clovers. Versatile as good source of forage and soil improver.
Duration
3 years
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
up to 5
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Caledonian

A tall clubroot tolerant kale that will provide excellent cover. A valuable option on brassica sick sites and has very good winter hardiness
Duration
1-2 years
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
2-3
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Keeper

A shorter kale variety that has excellent leaf to stem ratio and gives good ground cover
Duration
1-2 years
Grazing Suitability
Cutting Suitability
Sowing Rate (Kg/Acre)
2-3
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